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Misinformation, Disinformation & Malinformation



Media Responsibility

Characteristics of Reputable Newspapers

  • publishes accurate content; checks facts, and if errors are made, corrects them
  • uses reputable sources (people, documentation) and verifies those sources
  • presents headlines which accurately represent the article content; headlines don't play on readers' emotions
  • clearly identifies authors of articles with bylines
  • produces its own content; doesn't merely aggregate content from other sources
  • clearly identifies content types (e.g. report vs. editorial)
  • conducts reporting not just editorializing
  • employs journalists who follow the profession's code of ethics

Misinformation and Disinformation

misinformation -

false information that is spread, 

regardless of whether there is intent to mislead:In the chaotic hours after the earthquake, lot of misinformation was reported in the news.

Malinformation - Genuine information that is spread to cause harm. 

disinformation - Merriam-Webster
false information deliberately and often
covertly spread in order to influence public opinion
or obscure the truth       

Newspaper Resources

Click on image to Sign up for the New York Times

Once signed, access with SSA email

Am I Credible or Not?

Corroborate the two stories below - corroborate -  to "corroborate" something that has been said or reported means to provide evidence or information that supports it.

Write down original source of link, can you find two or more sources to corroborate the story? What are the sources?

1.    Jane Goodall Announces She's All About Lizards Now

2.    Rhianna is now official Ambassador of Barbados

February Corroboration Stories

3. Justin Bieber says that he is studying to become a minister.

4. Dolly Parton’s donation helps fund Moderna Vaccine



Click on Image

Fact Checking


TO DO - Click on links

1.  Satire - "The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues."  - Oxford Language Dictionary

2. Clickbait "Internet content whose main purpose is to attract attention and encourage visitors to click on a link to a particular web page." Oxford Language Dictionary  

To Do

Confirmation Bias - Our subconscious tendency to seek and interpret information and other evidence in ways that affirm our existing beliefs, ideas, and expectations.  We seek out information or news that confirms our beliefs and ideas.

Monkey Business Illusion